Varicose Veins: Causes, Treatment And Prevention
When veins fail to properly circulate blood, they tend to bulge with pools of blood. Commonly referred to as varicose veins, these visible bulging veins are typically found in the legs and thighs. However, they can virtually be found anywhere in the body. Varicose veins are usually known to be large, long, bulging, dilated and can be felt by touching i.e. they are palpable. Only in some rare cases, varicose veins are usually not harmful.
Causes of Varicose Veins
– Varicose veins may occur as a result of Phlebitis – inflammation in the veins. Weakened walls of the veins or weakened or damaged valves in the veins may also lead to the eruption of varicose veins.
– Varicose veins can happen as a result of old age, pregnancy and being overweight.
– Genetics is another major cause of having a varicose vein. There is a high risk of developing varicose veins if a close member of the family has the condition.
– Due to over standing, the veins in the body may not flow as easily as it ought to thereby increasing the risk of getting varicose veins.
– Varicose veins can also be caused by abnormal blood vessels, a swelling or tumour in the pelvis and a previous blood clot.
Treatment for varicose veins
Having a varicose vein does not seem to present any serious health problem to most people. They do not seem to cause long-term health problems neither do they affect blood circulation even when they may have an unpleasant appearance. Most varicose veins have no cause to be treated.
The vein experts at Advanced Dermatology often recommend regular exercise and the use of compression stocking for a period of about six months only if treatment is needful. However, there are several other available options for treating varicose veins especially if they happen to cause complications. They include:
– Laser Vein Removal – the use of state-of-the art laser to reduce the appearance of varicose veins
– Sclerotherapy – the use of special foam or sclerosing solution to fade out the veins.
– Endothermal ablation – the use of heat to close down affected veins.
– Ligation and stripping – the use of surgery to get rid of affected veins.
Ways of Preventing Veins
Although there is no enough evidence to prove that varicose veins can be completely prevented from developing or getting worse, however, there are certain ways by which symptoms of existing varicose veins can be reduced.
– To ease discomfort, it is recommended to raise the legs on pillows and take regular breaks throughout the day.
– Avoid standing or sitting in a particular position for a long period of time. Instead, try to move around occasionally like every 30 minutes.
– Do regular exercise. This will go a long way in improving blood circulation, as well as help in maintaining healthy body weight.